Japan is due to switch on a nuclear reactor for the first time in nearly two years.
But it is deeply unpopular with the public, with Mr Abe's approval now at an all time low.
Four years on from the Fukushima disaster, 120,000 Japanese still cannot return to their homes and there are serious doubts whether the site can ever be decontaminated.
Mr Tanaka said the community around Sendai had build a clean, green local economy around seafood and agricultural produce.
But he said that was now under threat with the restart.
Of Japan's 25 reactors at 15 plants for which operators have applied for permission to restart, only five at three plants have been cleared for restart.